Urbanization and Industrialization have been ruling world since the rural community started growing and the impact of the Industrial revolution struck respectively. Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the control of the use of land and design of the urban environment, including transportation networks, to guide and ensure the orderly development of settlements and communities. It concerns itself with research and analysis, strategic thinking, architecture, urban design, public consultation, policy recommendations, implementation and management military operations, disaster management, mapping of buildings and their heights, simulation of new buildings, updating and keeping cadastral data, change detection and virtual reality. A plan can take a variety of forms including strategic plans, comprehensive plans, neighborhood plans, regulatory and incentive strategies, or historic preservation plans. Planners are often also responsible for enforcing the chosen policies. LiDAR data and processing can be implemented in an urban metropolis to determine the challenges.Why through LiDAR
- Light detecting and ranging (LiDAR) provide accurate elevation-based information, which can be used for interior building level analysis and the analysis of large geographical areas, such as municipalities or regional jurisdictions.
- The combined image of Digital surface models (DSMs)of earth surface with orthophotos create highly detailed Digital Surface Models (DSMs) & help acquiring the topographical information over surfaces at high level of detailed for the large scale of urban areas.
- Airborne LiDAR has become an accurate, cost-effective alternative to conventional technologies for the creation of DSMs at vertical accuracies of 15 centimeters to 100 centimeters.
- By Lidar accuracies of 15cm (vertically) can be achieved.